Microacupuncture treats vision loss due to all types of Glaucoma. It helps restore normal blood flow to the retina and optic nerve. The eye will then begin to heal from the damage caused by the increased pressure. Restoring normal blood circulation to the eye allows for cellular repair. It is not a cure, but an effective treatment for vision loss.
The Microacupuncture treatment will not necessarily reduce pressure. Therefore, it is essential for patients to continue prescription eye drops or oral medication to control pressure.
Treatments for glaucoma are similar to those used for macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa and other retinal and optic nerve diseases. About a 25 percent of the patients coming to the Arkansas Aupuncture Center for treatment have glaucoma.
Glaucoma refers to a group of eye disorders that cause damage to the optic nerve, optic nerve root and retina.
The anterior chamber of the eye contains a clear fluid that flows continuously in and out of the eye, nourishing the tissues inside the chamber. If the fluid does not flow out of the eye at the proper rate, the pressure inside the eye increases, causing damage to the optic nerve and retina.
Increased pressure ultimately destroys the optic nerve cells causing blind spots in the field of vision, first in the peripheral, eventually affecting the central vision. Controlling and maintaining a healthy Intraocular Pressure is essential.
Intraocular Pressure is the pressure created by the continual renewal of fluids within the eye. This pressure is increased in glaucoma. Normal intraocular pressure is between 12 and 20 mm Hg.
Types of Glaucoma
The most common type of glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma. The diameter of the openings of the trabecular meshwork becomes narrowed, increasing the resistance of fluid flow (the drain tube is suddenly reduced so pressure builds up.)
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) affects approximately one percent of people over the age of fifty in the US. Open-angle means that the angle where the iris meets the cornea is as wide and open as it should be. It is the most common type of glaucoma. It is referred to as primary or chronic glaucoma.
In chronic glaucoma, there is a gradual imbalance between the production and outflow of the fluid in the back part of the eye. Pressure builds causing increased intraocular pressure, but there is no swelling on the cornea, and no other visible abnormalities. Because the patient experiences no symptoms, it often goes undetected, although vision impairment occurs.
Acute angle-closure glaucoma is a less common form. The intraocular pressure rises because the canal into which the fluid normally drains is suddenly blocked. The angle between the iris and cornea has a closed or narrow angle. It develops very quickly, is symptomatic, and damage is noticeable in a very short period of time, demanding immediate medical attention. Symptoms are sudden eye pain, a red eye and reduced vision. Immediate treatment is needed to relieve symptoms and to prevent permanent loss of vision.
Normal-Tension Glaucoma (NTG) is called low-tension or normal-pressure glaucoma. In normal-tension glaucoma the optic nerve is damaged even though pressure levels are normal.
Congenital glaucoma occurs in babies when there is incorrect or incomplete development of the eye’s drainage canals during the prenatal period. This condition is rare and often inherited. Microsurgery can often correct the structural defects. Other cases are treated with medication and surgery.
With secondary glaucoma the trabecular meshwork becomes blocked. Various types of debris or scar tissue may cover the meshwork.